The definition of this breed dates back to the time of Norwegian Red-White, Red Trondheim and Red Østland in 1961. Later in 1963, Døle was involved in this definition, and in 1968, southern and Western Norwegian breeds were added. Among other breeds that are said to have contributed to the gene pool, include; Ayshires, the Sweden Red Mottled, Friesians and Holsteins. Until 1975, 98% of the Norwegian national flocks were included in this definition. According to the classical definition, Norwegian Red is not recognized as a breed. It is a hybridization growing superb dual purpose cattle. Over time and selection, this definition can convert into a breed, but this is not the case for now.
While cows are selected according to their milking potential, milk flow rate and fertility characteristics; bulls are selected according to their performance in the growth rate test.
These are also known as Norsk rodt fe in Norway.
Norwegian Red cattle are often red or red-spotted, yet they do not exhibit the external uniformity that is seen in a real breed. The cows weigh about 495 kg to 600 kg whereas the bulls weigh about 900 kg. They produce approximately 6200 liters of milk per year.
They are medium sized and yield average efficiency, high milk, and mediocre meat - they are bred especially for these qualities.
Ease of Calving -short birth intervals, fewer stillbirths, and more live calves
High fertility-reduced sperm, provides saving from veterinary and artificial insemination costs
High fat and protein milk (4% fat and 3.6% protein on an average)
High resistance to Mastitis
Horned and hornless options